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“Not to engage in the pursuit of ideas is to live like ants instead of like men.”

~ Mortimer Adler

“I believe in Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen, not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else.”

~ C.S. Lewis

“The Christian ideal has not been tried and found wanting; it has been found difficult and left untried.”

~ G.K. Chesterton

“If [the gospel] is dull, then what, in Heaven's name, is worthy to be called exciting? The people who hanged Christ never, to do them justice, accused him of being a bore-- on the contrary, they thought him too dynamic to be safe.”

~ Dorothy Sayers

Suggested age range: 14-17

Class meets: Weekly

Class length: 90 minutes

Number of classes: 9

Tuition: $109

Official grades: Yes

Required books: Traditional Logic 1: Introduction to Formal Logic

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Formal Logic


Logic has been described as "the science of right thinking." In combination with truth, it's the necessary ingredient for any reasoning or discovery of new ideas - and, if misused, can lead to any number of bad ideas. We use logic in every academic discipline, whether we are writing a well-reasoned paper, working through a geometry proof, or discovering a new scientific law. We use it every day when we determine whether to take a friend's advice, to trust a slick advertisement, or to pursue a business opportunity. And as Christians, when we're commanded to be ready to give a reason for the hope that we have (I Peter 3:15), we're actually being encouraged to cultivate logical skills, because it's impossible to give a reason for anything without using logic.

Living the Answer's Formal Logic class is a great accompaniment to Living the Answer's popular Introduction to Logic class, further cultivating the student's ability to think well. With a more specific focus on formal logic (as opposed to the general critical thinking and informal logic that's emphasized in Intro to Logic), Formal Logic provides students with a clear, rigorous, and fun overview of the elements of thought. Students will learn,

The class will readTraditional Logic 1: Introduction to Formal Logic, an excellent logic textbook by Martin Cothran. The textbook is intended to be covered over the course of about ten weeks, but is easily compressed into nine. As in all Living the Answer classes, the textbook will be supplemented with examples, lectures, and notes from the teacher to make sure students understand and enjoy the material. There will be weekly take-home assignments which will be discussed in the following class, as well as a single chapter of reading to be done before the first class. The class meets for 90 minutes every week for nine weeks.